What is Water Pollution?
The term ‘water pollution’ generally refers to changes in water quality usually as a result of human activities. It is the contamination of any body of water with materials that are considered harmful to human health and to the environment.
Sources of Water Pollution
Effects of Water Pollution
- Untreated sewage.
- Surface run-off containing pesticides or fertilizers.
- Surface run-off containing spilled petroleum.
- Surface run-off containing silt.
- Discharge of contaminated and or heated water from industries.
- Excess nutrients added by run-off containing detergents.
- Underground storage tank leakage, leading to soil contamination and eventually groundwater contamination.
How can you help prevent Water Pollution
- Spreads diseases.
- Affects vital body organs.
- Causes toxic build-up in the food chain.
- Kills aquatic life.
- Causes algal bloom.
- Causes flooding.
- Threatens sea birds.
- Reduction of water quality & loss of use of water sources.
- Dispose of wastes properly. Do not throw wastes into drains and rivers.
- Do not use excess fertilizers.
- Clear clogged drains. This will prevent flooding and the breeding of mosquitoes.